Sunday, 22 April 2018

BBC Micro Model B Repair and Restoration Project

I’ve always had a bit of a soft spot for the BBC Micro, having been introduced to the machine at school back in the late 80’s.  I decided to try and find myself an original Beeb, so off to eBay to look for a suitable candidate.

After some looking I found a suitable BBC Micro Model B, I duly purchased this for the princely sum of £50 plus shipping.  After a short wait, it duly arrived but I didn’t power the machine up as the power supplies have a nasty habit of letting out the magic smoke. In the mean time I had sourced a suitable RGB to Scart cable and a PSU repair replacement capacitor kit.  Both of these came from the excellent Retro Computer Shack.

My BBC Micro



















Inside the BBC Micro, the previous owner had fitted a Watord Electronics Sideways ZIF Socket which allows you to change ROMs with the minimum effort.

Replacing the capacitors


WARNING!

Dangerous voltages reside inside the PSU, even when switched off and unplugged.   
Ensure that all the high voltage caps are safely discharged first!

YOU SHOULD READ THE WARNING LABEL


















The first job was to remove the power supply from its case. This can be a little tricky as you need to remove a couple of earth bolts, push out the disk drive power connector and disconnect the mains power switch.

Power supply removed from the Beeb

















Once the PSU had been wrangled out of its case, I set about replacing the 10nF (0.01µF) and 100nF (0.1µF) X class mains filter capacitors and a small 220µF electrolytic capacitor which sometimes causes intermittent power supply startup issues.  The modern replacement mains filter capacitors are X2 class.  

The RIFA branded capacitors are prone to failures, when the do fail they realise plumes of noxious smoke. 

Power supply extracted from its case




Existing RIFA capacitors, ticking time bombs 


New X2 mains filter capacitors fitted
































Here's a shot of  the old RIFA capacitors showing those stress lines and hairline cracks that would eventually result in a failure.

With the capacitors replaced I re-assembled the power supply. I fitted it back into the BBC Micro and powered on, it passed the smoke test phew.  Alas the BBC Micro would not start up, It just emitted a continuous tone and there was no display on the screen.

Repairing the poorly BBC Micro


The fault I was getting could be caused by a faulty video processor chip but as I didn’t have one to hand,  I tried re-seating the chip and I also re-seated some of the other chips but this made no difference. Next step try checking the voltages, which were all correct but when I was probing the various +5V, -5V and 0V connectors on the main PCB, it suddenly sprang into life.

Hmm I thought it could be a dry joint so I removed the main PCB and checked for dry joints but couldn’t see any.  There are several power supply connection points on the main PCB, which are FASTON PCB Tab type connectors. I re-flowed all of these connections on the back of the main PCB.  Having done this, I re-assembled the machine and tried again. Success the machine started up correctly, I got the classic twin tone beep and was presented with the start screen prompt.



















Finally I gave the case a good clean using hot soapy water to remove the years of ground in grime.